As warmer climates are expected to arrive in the US, the growth of mosquitoes that cause Zika virus and other mosquito-borne illnesses are on rising. As the Zika virus outbreak has created havoc last year in the US, the country is now gearing up to take various measures to tackle the spread of disease.
Zika virus is mostly spread by the bite of infected Aedes mosquito. Also, the virus was reported in the pregnant women across 44 states. The mosquito-borne Zika virus is mainly reported in the continental US states. This virus causes birth defects and there is no vaccine or proper medication available to treat the disease.
According to CDC reports one out of 10 pregnant women in the US have given birth to babies having birth defects and 77 babies died before birth due to the virus. Now as climate change is expected to arrive soon the risk of like virus is increasing. As warmer temperatures are the breeding ground for many mosquito species it indirectly leads to mosquito-borne infections.
The researchers from Florida claims that warmer climates are favorable for Aedes mosquitoes during which they can also hatch their eggs quickly. Florida was greatly hit by Zika virus in which 1,021 cases of the infection was reported by CDC. The second state which was badly hit by the infection was New York.
To combat the spread of infection $2.1 million are invested and the state is still working on various ways to improve the budget. In New York, the virus has infected various women’s because these women’s were found traveling to the areas where this virus is transmitted locally. However, in Florida and Texas, the infection was caused due to mosquitoes. Health officials are educating women about the risk involved in traveling from one place to other where the infection is transmitted locally.
The US has employed a Buddhist group named Tzu Chi to give them information about the spread of mosquitoes in 12 counties where the bug was reported. Texas health officials are also advising pregnant women in the six counties to go for health checkup.