Tsimane tribe which resides in the Amazon jungle have the healthiest hearts in the world and their way of living provides insights that can help in preventing cardiovascular diseases in regions where many people are suffering from heart ailments.
In a study consisting of more than 700 of these primitive people, research of a new study published in the journal The Lancet has noticed that nearly nine out of 10 Tsimane people have clear arteries and no signs of heart disease.
Study researcher Gregory Thomas, from Long Beach Memorial medical center in California and team, also noticed that the arteries of an 80-year-old Tsimane are similar to that of an American in his mid-50’s.
The Tsimane people live a primitive life. They depend on monkeys and piranhas, forage fruits and nuts, and grow rice, corn, plantains, and manioc roots in small areas of the family farm.
As they have seen that the low heart disease rate in this people is due to the primitive way of living, related studies carried out by the same group of researchers involving 137 mummies from ancient populations says that heart ailment is not necessarily due to modernity. Even many mummies had atherosclerosis.
As their many potential factors that should be considered for the Tsimane people’s heart health such as genetics, their diet and how they live in general provides hints on why they have healthy hearts.
Their diet is much different than that of the typical American diet. Their diet comprises of about 14 percent protein, 14 percent fat and 72 percent carbohydrate. Whereas, the diet of U.S. People comprises of typically 16 percent protein, 51 percent carbohydrate and 33 percent fat.
Researchers determined that the carbohydrate intake of Tsimane is high in fiber and very low in saturated fat and simple sugars.
Active lifestyle plays a major role
The Tsimane tribes are also physically active in contrast to those who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Various studies have linked lack of movement with high risk for heart conditions.
Researchers noticed that various elements of the Tsimane lifestyle can be inculcated to Western behaviors that can reduce the risk of heart disease.